The representative is essential when a covenant is entered into between more than two people. Covenants can be entered into either by individuals or by groups of people such as families, tribes, clans, etc. When a group of people are prepared to enter into a blood-covenant with another group or individual, they will select a man from among them to "represent" them in the covenant making. This person becomes the "substitute" for the entire group. This type of covenant making between groups was very common in what we call Bible days mostly for protection. When a weaker group entered covenant with a stronger group, the stronger group was bound by covenant to protect the weaker group. We also see this carried out in other parts of the world such as Africa and South America.

The representative is one who stands in the place of another as an heir, or a substitute, and is authorized to act or speak on the behalf of the others. This person must be enough like the others in the group to serve as an example or type of the group members. This person must know the needs and desires of those he represents and he speaks as and for them to the other party of the covenant. The representative had to be of the same blood as the family, or group, he was representing and was known as the guarantor of the covenant. It was his job to see that all the promises and terms of the covenant were kept.

Hebrews 7:22

-- "so much the more also Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant."


When the representative enters into a blood-covenant with another, the people he represents are said to be "in him", or they are "in" the person doing the representing because he is acting on their behalf as a "substitute" for them. The substitute has perfectly "identified" with the group he represents; therefore, the group and the guarantor are acting and speaking "as one" in the covenant making process. Therefore, when two tribes come together to make a blood-covenant between them they both send forth their representatives and when the covenant ceremony is completed the two tribes are now in union with each other and are seen "as one" to the rest of the world.




John 3:16 -- "For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have eternal life."


John 1:1-5 -- "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being by Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it."


John 1:14 -- "And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth."


Luke 1:26-38 -- Read the account of the angel Gabriel visiting Mary and telling her that she will have a child from God even though she was a virgin.

It was God's eternal plan from the beginning to be able to have an intimate fellowship with His created Man and have mankind be able to enjoy all the glorious things that God could provide because of that loving relationship between God and man. But because of the rebellion of Adam and Eve, sin entered the world and destroyed that intimate loving relationship because God, in His perfect state of holiness, cannot have fellowship with sin. In order to fix this situation, God had to find a way to restore mankind to a state or condition where this intimate fellowship could be re-established. His solution to the problem was finding a human that was as holy as God Himself and one without sin that could represent the human family as a covenant "representative" and enter into a covenant relationship with the Father. THIS WAS JESUS - THE SON OF MAN.

As seen in the Scriptures above, God so loved the human family that He sent His Word to be wrapped in flesh and born as a human being. The Scripture declares that Jesus is the Word that became wrapped in flesh and became part of the human family. As such He would grow and experience every aspect of human life just as we do. He would experience everything a child experiences, a teenager experiences, a grown man would experience. Jesus also had His free will to choose just as we do. He experienced all the temptations, the pains, the emotions, the distresses, the joys, the privations, the limitations, everything that we experience through our lives. Yet He made the choices not to yield to the temptations and sin. He perfectly identified with humanity, as a part of the human family, and yet did it without sinning. He became our example of how to live as a human and still enjoy a complete and total loving relationship with God. He became the perfect representative for the human family. In order to do this He had to give up all the attributes of His being God when He came to the earth and live as a mere mortal human. If He hadn't, He could not be that perfect human that would become the representative for the human family.

Philippians 2:5-11 -- "Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. Therefore, God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus EVERY KNEE SHOULD bow, of those who are in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father."

NOTE: I am not going into any more detail about how all of this came to pass because of lack of space in the pages of this website. The e-book entitled "The Covenant--the Secret of the Empowered Life of a Disciple of Jesus" will go into great detail about the covenants and will be available later in 2012.

Now that God had prepared the perfect human that could realistically be the representative for the human family, there were still two things that had to be done before this covenant making could be completed.

  • Pay the penalty for sin in the human family
  • Break the power of Satan and sin over the human family

Romans 3:23 -- "for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God."

Romans 6:23 -- "For the wages of sin is death, ..."

1 John 3:8 -- "The Son of God appeared for this purpose, that He might destroy the works of the devil."

Now that we know Jesus has been born as a human and has lived as a human and has perfectly identified with the human family, we know that He can be the representative of the human family.

Now that we know Jesus was our representative, let's go to the next page and see that He was also our SUBSTITUTE in the making of this blood covenant.

Return from the representative to the home page.

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Rob Board Ministries
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